Dari Persian: Three Letter Code Languages > Three Letter Code



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Three Letter Code

LanguageThree Letter Code
1Afar
aar
2Afrikaans
afr
3Leeward Caribbean Creole English
aig
4Albanian
als
5Amharic
amh
6Arabic
ara
7Egyptian Arabic
arz
8Arabic, Libyan
ayl
9Balochi
bal
10Bambara
bam
11Beja
bej
12Bemba
bem
13Bengali
ben
14Berber
ber
15Bhojpuri
bho
16Edo
bin
17Bislama
bis
18Bosnian
bos
19Brahui
brh
20Blin
byn
21Garifuna
cab
22Cebuano
ceb
23Mandarin
cmn
24Seychellois Creole
crs
25Kashubian
csb
26Danish
dan
27German
deu
28Divehi
div
29Zarma
dje
30Doteli
dty
31Efik
efi
32Kayah, Eastern
eky
33English
eng
34French
fra
35Frisian, West
fry
36Fula
ful
37Gagauz
gag
38Gilbertese
gil
39Irish
gle
40Guarani
gug
41Chinese, Hakka
hak
42Hausa
hau
43Hebrew
heb
44Herero
her
45Hiligaynon
hil
46Hindi
hin
47Hiri Motu
hmo
48Croatian
hrv
49Hungarian
hun
50Armenian
hye
51Igbo
ibo
52Idoma
idu
53Ilokano
ilo
54Indonesian
ind
55Icelandic
isl
56Italian
ita
57Javanese
jav
58Japanese
jpn
59Karakalpak
kaa
60Jingpho
kac
61Karen
kar
62Kanuri
kau
63Kazakh
kaz
64Kumaoni
kfy
65Kinyarwanda
kin
66Kyrgyz
kir
67Korean
kor
68Kpelle
kpe
69Kaonde
kqn
70Kwanyama
kua
71Kunama
kun
72Kurdish
kur
73Kwangali
kwn
74Kayah, Western
kyu
75Lao
lao
76Monégasque
lij
77Lithuanian
lit
78Silozi
loz
79Luxembourgish
ltz
80Luvale
lue
81Lunda
lun
82Latvian
lvs
83Marshallese
mah
84Maninka
man
85Marathi
mar
86Mende
men
87Hassaniya
mey
88Miskito
miq
89Macedonian
mkd
90Malagasy
mlg
91Maltese
mlt
92Mandinka
mnk
93Mon
mnw
94Mongolian
mon
95Maori
mri
96Burmese
mya
97Nahuatl
nah
98Taiwanese
nan
99Nama
naq
100Ndebele, Southern
nbl
101Ndebele, Northern
nde
102Ndonga
ndo
103Dutch
nld
104Norwegian
nor
105Nepali
npi
106Nara
nrb
107Sotho, Northern
nso
108Chichewa
nya
109Pangasinan
pag
110Kapampangan
pam
111Punjabi
pan
112Papiamento
pap
113Palauan
pau
114Western Persian
pes
115Punjabi, Pakistani
pnb
116Polish
pol
117Portuguese
por
118Dari Persian
prs
119Pashto
pus
120Quechua
que
121Romansh
roh
122Romanian
ron
123Russian
rus
124Sena, Mozambiquean
seh
125Shan
shn
126Sinhala
sin
127Saraiki
skr
128Slovak
slk
129Slovene
slv
130Samoan
smo
131Shona
sna
132Sindhi
snd
133Soninke
snk
134Somali
som
135Sesotho
sot
136Spanish
spa
137Serbian
srb
138Serbian
srp
139Serer
srr
140Swazi
ssw
141Saho
ssy
142Sundanese
sun
143Susu
sus
144Swahili
swa
145Swahili, Congo
swc
146Swedish
swe
147Swahili, Coastal
swh
148Sena, Malawian
swk
149Tamil
tam
150Telugu
tel
151Tajik
tgk
152Tagalog
tgl
153Thai
tha
154Tigre
tig
155Tigrinya
tir
156Tuareg
tmh
157Tonga
toi
158Tongan
ton
159Tok Pisin
tpi
160Setswana
tsn
161Tsonga
tso
162Isan
tts
163Turkmen
tuk
164Turkish
tur
165Tuvaluan
tvl
166Ukrainian
ukr
167Urdu
urd
168Uzbek
uzb
169Venda
ven
170Vietnamese
vie
171Makhuwa
vmw
172Waray-Waray
war
173Wolof
wol
174Wu
wuu
175Xhosa
xho
176Yoruba
yor
177Yukatek
yua
178Malaysian
zsm
179Zulu
zul

Dari Persian (دری)

Dari, which is also simply called Farsi (Persian) by its native-speakers, refers to the dialects of modern Persian spoken in Afghanistan, and is hence also known as Afghan Persian in some Western sources. It is the term officially recognized and promoted in 1964 by the Afghan government for the Persian language. As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan and the mother-tongue of approximately 27% of the population, serving as the country's lingua franca.

The Iranian and Afghan dialects of Persian are highly mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology. But in historical usage, Dari refers to the Middle Persian court language of the Sassanids.

Dari, spoken in Afghanistan, should not be confused with Dari or Gabri of Iran, a language of the Central Iranian sub-group, spoken in some Zoroastrian communities.

Dari is spoken by almost 27% of the population as a first language. Tajiks who comprise approximately 27% of the population are the primary speakers, followed by Hazaras (9%) and Aymāqs (4%). Moreover, many Pashtuns living in Tajik and Hazara concentrated areas also use Dari as a first language. About 2.5 million people in Pakistan also speak Dari as one of their primary languages.

Dari dominates in the northern, western and central areas of Afghanistan, and is the common language spoken in cities such as Kabul, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Fayzabad, Panjshir, and Bamiyan. Smaller Dari-speaking communities also exist in southern Pashtun-dominated areas such as in the cities of Kandahar, Lashkar Gah and Tarin Kowt. Dari is sometimes the primary language even in regions dominated by Pashtuns, such as Farah, due to the regional history and influence of Persian culture. Dari is also widely spoken in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and by a sizable population in Balochistan, Pakistan and various communities in Western Punjab.

Cultural influence

Dari has contributed to the majority of Persian borrowings in other Asian languages, such as Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, etc., as it was the administrative, official and cultural language of the Persocentric Mughal Empire and served as the lingua franca throughout the South Asian subcontinent for centuries. The sizeable Persian component of the Anglo-Indian loan words in English and in Urdu therefore reflects the Dari pronunciation.

The native-speakers of Dari usually call their language Farsi. However, the term Dari has been officially promoted by the government of Afghanistan for political reasons, and enjoys equal official status alongside Pashto in Afghanistan. The local name for Persian language was officially changed from Farsi to Dari in 1964.
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